PRIORITIES OF CHEMISTRY FOR A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT secodn edition (PRIOCHEM)
Venue: ICECHIM Auditorium
|Event Date/Time: Oct 26, 2006||End Date/Time: Oct 27, 2006|
|Registration Date: Jul 30, 2006|
|Early Registration Date: May 30, 2006|
|Abstract Submission Date: Jul 30, 2006|
- Life science, genomics and biotechnology for health;
- Nanotechnologies and nano-science, knowledge-based multifunctional materials and new production processes and devices;
- Sustainable development, global change and ecosystems.
The symposium sections are:
- Bio-resources and biomaterials;
- Environment engineering and protection;
- Multifunctional materials and nanocomposites;
- Medical and therapy chemistry.
Bio-resources and biomaterials
Because of the oil crisis since October 1973, followed by significant rise of the price of petrochemicals, the research was more and more focused towards non-petrochemical origin alternative energy sources and row materials. Also both, diminishing of the Romanian oil production and expected running out of oil require manufacturing of chemical compounds using row materials based on renewable resources.
The main categories of row materials from renewable are the following:
- Fat materials (vegetable oils and animal fat);
- Mono- and poly-saccharides (glucose, saccharose, starch, cellulose);
- Proteins (of vegetable or animal origin);
- The biomass;
Additionally, unlike fossil fuels, the fuels manufactured from renewable row materials do not contribute to the green-house effect
The lectures and communications will focus on bio-fuels, aerobe bio-techniques, bio-films.
Environment engineering and protection
Environment protection is a key priority within the European Union (and world-wide). The goal is to develop a high environment protection level, preserving and even increasing the environment quality, protecting the people health, using carefully and rationally the natural resources. The polluting technologies must be eliminated or optimized in order to annihilate their harmful effects. Meantime, the target is to develop new generation of green, eco-friendly technologies, considering agricultural wastes re-conversion into useful goods, renewable energy production, and soil- and water- retrieval.
The topics of lectures and communications will be: bio-retrieval and waste capitalization.
Multifunctional materials and nanocomposites
In the European Union member states the research and development is focused towards application-oriented new and multifunctional materials with tailored properties. Thus, that is a tight competition between EU and other states (mainly USA and Japan) obtaining new composite materials by compounding polymers with different fillers. The latter can be polymers or non-polymeric inorganic or organic materials. The properties of these composites can be dramatically improved using nano-scale (10-9m) particles, obtaining the so-called nanocomposite materials.
The goals of lectures and communications are new nanocomposite materials and preparation procedures.
Medical and therapeutic chemistry
Worldwide the cancer is one of the main causes of decease of human being. In cancer therapy the effort is focused toward efficient and harmless treatment of this disease, solving complex cases, using chemotherapy (based on porphyrins and phthalocyanines), improved surgical techniques, radio-therapy and, more recently, photo-dynamic therapy.
Lectures and communications on recent progress on cancer phototherapy are preferred.
The main objectives of symposium are:
- Opening/developing new research ways;
- Romanian research results dissemination;
- Information about the most recent progress in the thematic area of symposium;
- New international joint projects.
Topics of Symposium are based on research areas of 6th and 7th FPs of EU, with high impact on integration of Romania into EU.