Special Economic Zones: Engines of Growth and Social Development for India-Problems and Prospects (SEZ India 2008)

Venue: Osmania University Campus

Location: Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

Event Date/Time: Oct 16, 2008 End Date/Time: Oct 17, 2008
Registration Date: Sep 30, 2008
Early Registration Date: Aug 30, 2008
Abstract Submission Date: Aug 30, 2008
Paper Submission Date: Sep 30, 2008
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Two Day National Seminar
Special Economic Zones: Engines of Growth and Social Development for India
Present Problems and Future prospects

16th & 17th October 2008
Osmania University, Hyderabad

Organised by

Osmania University Department of Sociology
Nizam College, OU Basheerbagh Campus &
College of Arts & Social Sciences, OU Main Campus

Funded by
Part funding by
Andhra Pradesh State Council of Higher Education
With support from
Indian Council of Social Sciences Research

Seminar Directorate Contact Numbers
09849003645, 09866016134, 09290252647, 09848727769. 09247118044
email: sezseminar.ou@gmail.com and also to

Osmania University
Hyderabad . Andhra Pradesh . India

Seminar Theme

The concept of SEZs -- Special Economic Zones -- as special engines of rapid economic prosperity and all round societal development, did spur the flow of FDI and FII investments into Indian infra structure and manufacture industry. Markets did show growth and the economy was buoyant. Growth of employment opportunities do seem to be rising.
The grounding of the SEZs required availability of large tracts of land with world class infrastructure strategically located with ports, air and sea and the resources land raw material available close by. The state enthusiasm to attract FDI and facilitate quick resolution of any bottlenecks in setting up the new industries was subjected to criticism particularly regarding the acquisition of land and consequent resistance and protests against the SEZs in particular and the globalisation processes in general.
The acquisition of land by state government directly from the farmers at a price fixed by the govt. became controversial. First, the idea that the govt. had the ‘right of eminent domain’ to take over land compulsorily for public purpose was contested leading to debate in the media and civil society and public domain about the content and interpretations and application of that law of the British times. Second, the acquisition of fertile farmland under cultivation was in question. Third, the govt’s efforts to clear any hurdles in the progress of setting up of the SEZ, all be it with genuine concern for faster growth and its concern for acting fast enough to attract the emerging opportunities in globalizing market led to the public perception that the govt was pro business industrial and realtor interests and that it wasn’t as much concerned about the consequences for the agricultural communities. Fourth, the prices quoted for the lands acquired, and the compensation packages offered, first by the government and later after the amendment to the rules consequent to criticism and the govt. withdrawal from the acquisition process, the companies started to offer their own R& R packages which were context and company specific lacking a national policy perspective. Fifth, the process was left to the market forces. The bargaining power of the negotiation partners in this instance the rural farming village communities were basically highly unequal in negotiation in terms of comprehension capabilities and power equation. Sixth, this led to the pubic outcry that the companies were unfair and were depriving and dispossessing the villagers without a fair and just deal. The issue of land appreciation and equity in the deal the opportunity costs and stakes in the future value appreciation the resettlement and rehabilitation as a long term support for livelihood support and other related issues were considered unaddressed in the deal. Seventh, the govt’s understandable haste and ad hoc approach to the issues raised by the civil society organizations and the protesting farmers groups in almost all the states where SEZs were approved notified and acquisition begun, led to a perception that the govt has abandoned the interests of the aggrieved small scale farmers tenants landless laborers and the landless dependent on an agricultural economy and the livelihood concerns of the affected villagers. Eight, political parties in opposition, quiet understandably in the contexts of alliance governments, at the level of the parties’ interests, took up positions with the protest movements that gained ground and got organized on the spur. Nine, this led to serious delays and likely cost overruns and the fear of the companied moving out of their commitments what with the difficulties in negotiating settlements with several hundred farmers in each village, were all serious obstacles, demanding quick resolution. Ten, almost in all the states, the govt found itself confronting the protesting farmers and more uncomfortable was that the govt ended as being seen to be in support of the big globalised industrialists.
The result was the govts withdrawal from land acquisition process and leaving the land acquisition as an issue between the land owners and the buyer. This has thrown up several social issues about the non owners and tenants and other communities dependent on the village economy. The debate in the public domain and in the political sphere and in civil societies seemed to narrow down to the issue of compensation and jobs for those foregoing their lands. The larger issues of human civil rights resettlements and livelihood rehabilitation became secondary. In this context the quick initiatives of certain companies with their R&R schemes and policies laudable as they are do not concern themselves with the long term problems of the displaced village communities with reference to relocation and reestablishing their livelihoods. Jindal Tatas Gems industries seem to be evolving reasonable schemes and packages which need to be examined. The Hyderabad diamond and Jewelry initiatives in R&R are interesting initiatives in providing sustainable training programs.
The other issues of concern for the govt and the larger civil society is to do with the very concept of SEZ as islands of tax haven protected foreign territories, which create unequal playing grounds for industries located outside the SEZ area . The scheme of long term tax benefits have become issues of concern in policy formulation. There are divergent conceptions on the issue of tax benefits. The other issues concerning the large tracts of land that are being seen as being parceled out for big globalised industries and the consequent and concomitant realtors swamping up the surrounding areas for real-estate speculators buying sending costs of land spiraling sky high. The issue of employment generation is being taken skeptically.
The issue of SEZ and consequences of this kind of fast track growth island for the stated objective of faster economic growth and employment generation all round social development as skeptical as the response has been, it is being critiqued for underplaying the concern for the consequences of the possibility of widening of inequality, given the nature of already existing complex structured inequalities based on caste class rural urban, particularly the dalit and marginalized social categories.
There are several issues concerning international trade and commerce with reference to the SEZs as separate foreign territories where the laws, rights in terms of the countries rules and statutes not being applicable inside. The whole debate on the diverse consequences of the policy of SEZ got highlighted and magnified with the situation arising out of the Nandigram and Singur in Bengal and Kalinganagar projects in Orissa where issues are yet to be resolved. Issue of the role of the state and the responses of political parties are themselves issues to be analyzed vis a vis the model of development the country seems to be evolving.
This National conference proposes to invite participation from the Social scientist from the academia, from the professionals in CII, Assocham, FICCI, The industries involved in the SEZ, organizations of the Civil Society/NGO/Voluntary sector global and national and the Govt Officials and institutions like the various states’ industrial infrastructure development corporations concerned with SEZs.
The Seminar invites contribution of papers from the perspectives of Sociology Economics Political Science, Social Anthropological Commerce and Law and also from the actual parties on the ground, the concerned industries locating in the SEZs; the infrastructure developers; civil society/ NGO/policy advocacy groups and the contesting village based community organizations and the government, particularly the SEZ commissioners, the state IIC’s, CII, Assocham and FICCI in all the states where the SEZs have already been established.
The Focus of the two day national Seminar is on the following issues. Paper presenters may consider the following issues as well as any other concern bearing on SEZs and the contestation from all stake holders involved at the level of a particular SEZ, at the level of the State and in the all India context.

01. SEZs: The Concept in practice Globally
02. SEZs: Globalisation and Social and Economic Development
03. SEZs: Govt. of India Policy and Implementation, Evolution of a National Policy
04. SEZs: Sociological Concerns of Development; Tribal Agrarian Rural Urban and Industrial.
05. SEZs: Economic Growth and Social Development
06. SEZs: and traditionally marginalized Communities.
07. SEZs: The Views of the Civil Society/NGO/ Voluntary Sector Groups.
08. SEZs: Problems of Industries and Infra structure developers Global and Indian
09. SEZs: Taxation Policies and infrastructure
10. SEZs: Compensation Resettlement and Rehabilitations Policy Perspectives for Industry and State.
11. SEZs: State Political Parties and Politics.
12. SEZs: Special Commissionerates Administrative Structures and the State IIDC’s problems in practice.
13. SEZs: Perspective from Contesting Village Community Organizations.
14. SEZs: Funding agencies: institutional, international and banks
15. SEZs: Deemed Foreign Territories; Administration Governance and Law
16. SEZs: the current problems and future concerns for policy.
17. SEZs: Open to any other issue of concern bearing on SEZs, Society Economy and Polity in India.

R Suryanarayana Reddy
Seminar Director

Abstracts : should be sent by 30th Aug 2008.
Abstracts not exceeding 500 words with Title, centered in 12 point font bold Times New Roman, and the body text in 12 point font Times New Roman, should be sent to Seminar Director, National Seminar on SEZEGSD. The author/s name/s, institutional address, email id and land line and/or cell should be typed below the title and should be centred. The abstracts should be sent by 20th August 2008 addressed to the Seminar Director by email to r.sunare@gmail.com and to sezseminar.ou@gmail.com

Full length Papers: Should be sent by 30th September 2008.
Full length papers not exceeding 10,000 words should be submitted in microsoft word, rich text format (RTF). The title should be in times new roman 12 point font bold, centred. The body text of the paper should be in times new roman 12 point font. No footnotes, only endnotes and references. The author name institutional address email id and telephone/cell number should be below the title and should be centred. A brief summary of about 100-150 words should preface the main body of the text of the full length paper. The full length paper on CD should be sent to the Seminar Director National Seminar SEZSEGSD, Department of Sociology Osmania University Hyderabad 5007 Andhra Pradesh India with ‘ OU Sociology National Seminar SEZSEGSD’ superscribed on the top of the envelope. Further a soft copy of the full paper should also be sent as MS Word document in .rtf format as an attachment, addressed to the Seminar Director to the email address:
r.sunare@gmail.com sezseminar.ou@gmail.com

The hard copies of abstract and a hard copy and a soft copies on CD of the full length paper should be sent in envelopes super scribed ‘ OU Sociology National Seminar SEZSEGSD’ to:
R Suryanarayana Reddy
Seminar Director
National Seminar:SEZSEGSD
Dept of Sociology
Osmania University
Hyderabad 500007
Andhra Pradesh, India.

You may immediately register by emailing the filled in registration format given as an attachment with the title of the paper, and institutional address even before sending the registration fees along with abstract, to this email address: sezseminar.ou@gmail.com and to r.sunare@gmail.com. The registration fee as given below should be sent along with Abstract of the paper as per dates given above. A registration fee of Rs 500/- for Academics and for NGOs, for Industries/Corporates Rs 1000/-, and for Research Scholars Rs 250/- has to be sent as Crossed Bank Demand Draft, drawn in favour of Seminar Director, SEZSEGSD payable in Hyderabad, to the address given above along with the registration form in the format on the last page of this brochure.The envelope should be superscribed‘ OU Sociology National Seminar SEZEGSD’ to the address given above.
For details email R Suryanarayana Reddy, Seminar Director, r.sunare@gmail.com, 09849003645
Or Phone Dr Pushpa M R 09290252647, Dr C Ganesh, 09866016134, Dr Vineetha P 09848727769.
Registration Form
Two dayNational Seminar
Special Economic Zones: Special Engines of Growth and Social Development
Present Problems and Future prospects
16th & 17th October 2008
Institutional Address
Address for
Title of the Paper
Details of Bank DD
Fee Per Delegate Rs 500 for Academics and NGOs Rs 1000 for Corporates, Rs 250 for Research Scholars, should be sent as Crossed Bank Demand Draft drawn in favour of Seminar Director:SEZEGSD payable at Hyderabad. Equal amount to be paid for each accompanying persons.
Food Preferences. State if Vegetarian or Non Vegetation.
Mode of Transport Date and time of Arrival and Departure

National Seminar
SEZ: Special Engines of Growth and Social Development
Present Problems and Future prospects
16th & 17th October 2008
organised by
OU Dept of Sociology, of Nizam College, OU Basheerbagh Campus & College of Arts & Social Sciences, OU MainCampus Osmania University, Hyderabad, A. P., India
Chief Patron

Prof T Tirupathi Rao
Vice Chancellor
Osmania University

Advisory Committee


Prof P Vijayalakshmi Reddy
Professor in Sociology & Dean
Faculty of Social Sciences OU


Prof N Vijaya
Prof G Satyanarayana
Prof Naqiya Mustafa Hasan
Prof P Kamala Rao
Prof Sunanda Pande

Organising Committee

Chair Person

Prof Naqia Mustafa Hasan
Head & Coordinator
ASIHSS Program


Assoc Prof Mr J P Rao
Assoc Prof Mr RSN Reddy
Assoc Prof Dr Ganesh C
Assoc Prof Dr Dev Prakash S
Assoc Prof Dr Pushpa Mary R
Asst Prof Mr Aijaz U R
Asst Prof Mr Vishnu Dev

Seminar Director
R Suryanarayana Reddy


Osmania University
Andhra Pradesh