Event Date/Time: Apr 23, 2009
End Date/Time: Apr 24, 2009
Mar 15, 2009
Paper Submission Date:
Jan 30, 2009
The abstract has now been through a blind revision process by our Scientific Committee and we are pleased to inform you that it has been accepted for presentation at the
international conference ATE2009 under
the general topic Â«Economic Sustainability and TourismÂ».
The author code is P078 (please take note) and we expect you to fully register your participation at ATE2009 at your earliest convenience.
Paper Title: "Tourism Policy and Development in India"
* Dr. M.G.BASAVARAJA ** Dr.K.S.RAJASHEKARA
There are different types of tourism and they are sustainable tourism, eco-tourism, community â€“based tourism, rural tourism, farm tourism , spiritual tourism, medical tourism, adventure tourism, geo-tourism, mass tourism, nature based tourism, pro poor tourism, responsible tourism etc. India being geographically very vast and diverse country has very wide opportunities for tourism development. India makes it home to a wealth of ecosystems, which have to be well protected and preserved. The ecosystems/ resources such as biosphere reserves, mangroves, coral reefs , deserts, mountains and forests, flora and fauna, seas/ lakes/ rivers and caves have become the principal sustainable tourist resources.
Tourism is countryâ€™s third largest foreign exchange earner; hence this sector has a proper place in the five year plan documents. In the successive five year plans, this sector is considered very lightly and needed efforts and steps should have been initiated. However, in 2002 a New National Tourism Policy was announced. The salient features of this policy are as follows:
1. Creation of public opinion and generation of awareness about the benefits different types of tourism for the host population.
2. Mobilsing state governments to make use of tourist sector as an instrument of achieving their socio-economic objectives.
3. Encouraging the private sector to enhance the investment in tourism sector.
4. Providing legislative and regulatory support for sustainable tourism development.
5. Protecting the interests of tourism industry and consumers.
6. Developing and promoting rural/ farm and other types of tourism on priority basis.
India has thousands of places of tourist interests and has very wide scope for the sustainable development of tourist spots. But there are several constraints, which come in the way of tourism development and they are:
1. Many tourist spots have not been shaped in attractive manner.
2. Basic wayside amenities / accommodation restaurants / Shopping / recreation facilities are not developed.
3. Proper boards with significance details of the tourist spots are not erected.
4. In many tourist spots, there are no suitably trained tourists guides.
5. Lack of sufficient airports and airport facilities, international and domestic air- seats capacity, surface transport system and related facilities.
For the sustained development of tourism in India, barriers in regard to approach, barriers that discourage private investment, absence of legislative support, unprofessional and adhoc approach need to be set right. As in other countries, in India also, tourism has proved to have both positive and negative effects. The positive effects are:
1. It has the potentiality of becoming an engine of economic growth
2. It helps to generate income, wealth, employment, new skill/ knowledge.
3. It helps for the sustainable development of remote areas.
The negative effects are as follows:
1. Contamination of indigenous culture
2. It may take the form of changing values resulting in social problems such as drug addiction, cheating in business, prostitution etc.
3. Another main problem is caused by mass tourism in environmentally fragile areas like mountains, hills, deserts and coastal regions.
4. Due to heavy tourist traffic in some places of tourist interest, the cultural and environmental assets of the community are under the threat.
To sum up, tourism of different types, has become the worldâ€˜s largest service industry. Eco-tourism recognizes the full potential of tourist industry; travel and tourism provide a good source of income for the people of the area. In return, they contribute to conservation, protection and restoration of the ecosystem. Environmental protection should become an integral part of sustainable tourism development. In tourism, all players need encouragement, including legislative backing , which will also regulate the process. There is serious necessity to create awareness about sustainable tourism among the service providers, the consumers of tourism services and the host of population. Experience in the field of tourism shows that the concepts/ ideas of sustainability, conservation, eco-tourism etc are not likey to materialize on ground unless the global community as a whole gives itself a new mindscape and a new ethicscape