International Conference on Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and Biodiversity in the Arab Reg (KISR Biodiversity C)

Venue: KISR Main Campus

Location: Shuwaikh, Kuwait

Event Date/Time: Nov 28, 2010 End Date/Time: Dec 02, 2010
Abstract Submission Date: Jun 29, 2010
Paper Submission Date: Aug 31, 2010
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International Conference on Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and Biodiversity in the Arab Region & IUCN 7th. Regional Conservation Forum 2010

As the severity of the human-induced climate change increases, the risk of extinction of vulnerable species will be accelerated; habitats of many species will be modified, shifted or completely lost and species composition and ecosystem productivity may decline. It is also expected to result in the reduction in crop productivity and increase in the chances of crop failure leading to food shortages and heightened food insecurity. Therefore, there is an urgent need to enhance our understanding of impacts of climate change on all aspects of agricultural production and biodiversity and, develop strategies for implementation of modern technologies and policies to minimize the negative consequences of the climate change. There is also a vital need for creating awareness among various sections of the society about the consequences of climate change in the Arabian region. In view of these facts, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) is proposing to organize an international conference from November 28 – 30, 2010 to address local, regional and international themes on climate change; and exchange information on climate change mitigation and sustainable development strategies adopted by various countries.

The Regional Conservation Forum (RCF) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) for West Asia (ROWA) meets periodically to prepare Member Countries for the upcoming IUCN World Conservation Congress as well as to discuss country reports. The focus of this year’s RCF (7th) is on climate change and its impact on the local and regional biodiversity, conservation and sustainable development. Since the conference and the forum have similar theme, it is proposed to organize the RCF along with the conference from November 28 – December 2, 2010.

Conference Objectives:

1- Bring together leading experts, policy makers and organizations, and share latest developments in sustainable farming systems, biodiversity conservation, and mitigation of negative impacts of global, regional and local climate change.

2- Review and exchange baseline data to assess biodiversity conservation, sustainable agricultural practices and policy responses to mitigate global climate change.

3- Integrate our knowledge of likely future changes on local agriculture and biodiversity from a changing climate, reflecting both scientific and traditional knowledge.

4- Share information on predictive models and decision support tools to guide the design and selection of adaptation strategies from local to regional scales.

5- Establish a framework for future collaborative research on climate change, biodiversity and sustainable agricultural development in the region.

6- Prepare action plan for climate mitigation activities for Kuwait and the Arab countries.

Forum Objectives:

1- Enable a substantive debate and exchange of learning on issues of sustainable development;

2- Provide IUCN members and stakeholders an update on the IUCN ROWA Regional Office programme in 2007-2008, as well as the proposed programme for the next year.

3- Provide members opportunity to discuss governance and membership issues; (Regional & National Committees, Regional Advisory committees, Elections... etc)

4- Coordinate with the Membership the follow up on the Barcelona Congress resolutions.

5- Strengthen networking between the component parts of IUCN (members, commissions, and secretariat) and the wider conservation community.

6- How to integrate the members work in IUCN Programme 2009-2012.


Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Al - Jahid Street, Shuwaikh

Additional Information

Conference and Forum Structure: The conference and the forum will include: Plenary papers by invited speakers on a specific topic related to the conference and the forum. Contributed papers that have been approved by the Scientific Committee. Posters of selected papers. Plenary meeting for finalizing action plan Field visit to Sulaibiya Research Station and revegetation sites in Burgan, gravel quarry sites in Al-leyah, Sabah Al-Ahmad Nature Reserve and Waterfront Conference & Forum Themes: Current status of climate change, agriculture and biodiversity monitoring in Kuwait and Arab countries: case studies and comparative research. Impacts of global, regional and local climate change including land-use changes, land degradation, periodic drought and desertification on agriculture and biodiversity. Adaptation and sustainability options, interactions and synergies between global climate change, agriculture and desert biodiversity. Future research collaborations and establishment of a regional network on climate change and biodiversity conservation. The impact of the global financial crisis on the economy and the ecology of West Asia. Conflict and Environment. Conference Field Trips : 1-Agriculture Research Station The Agriculture Research station at the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research was established in 1975. The research station covers a total area of 40 km2, 4 km (east to west) x 10 km (north to south). The station includes an artisan well of medium salinity well with a one-million-gallon reservoir (3000-4000 ppm total dissolved solids), in addition to a livestock research farm, a poultry research farm, the desert animal center, greenhouses, stores, laborer housing and offices. The main objective of the station is to conduct ecology studies on the flora and fauna of Kuwait, and the optimization of animal grazing activities. It is also intended to make possible the conducting of research activities and studies related to animal production, plant production, rangeland and ecology. During the last 31 years, several research projects and activities have been completed at the station. These projects have been in the areas of range management, irrigated pasture production, desert animal management and breeding, rehabilitation of degraded lands, sheep production and poultry production. As a result, valuable technical and scientific information on agriculture and wildlife has been obtained that has had a great positive effect on KISR's image on both regional and international levels. Through the station, KISR has succeeded in conserving and protecting several plants such as; Rhanterium, Helianthemum, Iris, Stipa, Cyperus, Plantago, and Panicum and some desert animals such as the red fox, desert monitor (waral), cream-coloured courser, long-eared hedgehog, jerboa, dhub, sand boa and viper. 2-Urban Demonstration Gardens, Salmiya The Urban Demonstration Garden (UDG) at the Aridland Agriculture and Greenery Department (AAGD) of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) was formerly named the Waterfront Site. The site is located in the Hawally Governate, on the waterfront in Salmiya (Shaab Al-Bahri), 10 km away from Kuwait City, and covers a total area of 5.2 ha (0.052 km2). The UDG site was established in 1984, in collaboration with the Kuwait Municipality. During the last two decades, several research projects and activities have been completed at the site. These studies have focused on testing, selecting, monitoring and enriching the plant palette for greenery projects in Kuwait, and maintenance of exotic ornamental plants under the harsh environmental conditions. Over the years, the AAGD has succeeded in identifying the most suitable ornamental trees, shrubs, ground cover and native plants, as well as conserving and protecting some of the native plants that existed at the site. In addition, the AAGD has succeeded in introducing and propagating water plants in Kuwait. Therefore, a wealth of technical information has been collected related to ornamental plants, which will be beneficial to Kuwaiti agricultural companies. Hence, a master plan for the UDG, was prepared to demonstrate several types of garden concepts, in addition to educating and creating public awareness regarding sustainable greenery development practices and recycling technologies for garden waste. 3-Urban Demonstration Garden (Waterfront) This coastal urban site provides a unique advantage to horticultural and landscape research. The size of this coastal area is ≈ 5.2 ha (52,000 m²). The master plan for developing the area into an urban demonstration garden park has been completed. The aim of this park is to educate and create public awareness in greenery and ornamental plant research. 4-Mariculture and Fisheries Department Mariculture and Fisheries Department in KISR is the largest research station in the region for marine species. The majority of research is directed towards developing culture techniques for high value marine fish and shrimp species. The Department has good laboratory facilities for fish pathology, fish nutrition, and water quality analysis. The Department has pilot-scale production facilities for cages (sheltered and open sea type), fish tanks, tidal fish ponds, and a marine fry hatchery with livefood production. 5-Wafra Agricultural Farms A large area in Wafra was developed for sustainable crop production both in open fields and under greenhouses system. The Wafra area is located in south of Kuwait near the southern border with Saudi Arabia. With the challenge of the harsh and extreme climatic conditions facing the agricultural production in Kuwait, the majority of productive farms in wafra are attempting to provide higher yield and better quality crops. Several types of crops are being cultivated in Wafra, includes: fruits and leafy vegetables, tubers, and onions, beans as well as agronomic and forage crop