Role and Contribution of Women in the Freedom Struggle

Venue: D.A.V. College

Location: Bathinda, Punjab, India

Event Date/Time: Feb 23, 2011 End Date/Time: Feb 24, 2011
Registration Date: Feb 23, 2011
Early Registration Date: Jan 31, 2011
Paper Submission Date: Feb 05, 2011
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Comparatively and theoretically the Indian society is seen as dominated by man. The prevalence of many customs and traditions too undermined the position of women. Equality and equal rights to women were not recognized by the law of land. Society favored man to have rights and liberty from which woman was excluded. A.R. Desai in his work (1959) has emphasized that different standards were adopted to judge the individual and social conduct of man and woman. According to him, it was only during the British rule that movements were organized to destroy the social and legal injustice from which women suffered from centuries. British conquest inaugurated a new politico-economic and legal system in India. They brought her in contact with the modem democratic influences of the western countries. The social reform movements, which arose out of the new conditions of social existence, set themselves the task of removing social and legal injustices and inequalities from which the Indian women suffered. 2. To make things more clearly in respect of their position in Punjab, an attempt is to be made to highlight the part played by them when struggle was going on during Sikh rule, especially after the death of Ranjit Singh's. Special efforts will be made to trace out the work done by the Board of Administration and also John Lawrence as well as by the British government after annexation, especially for the emancipation of women.
3. To find out the number of women who associated themselves with the various socio-religious movements. What impact did they leave? What was the importance of their activities and role in these movements? To study the work done by the various socio-religious movements and their role to improve the position of women. To examine critically the efforts and policies made by the British Government for the betterment of the women in the society will be of special interest.
4. To explore and examine the factors which led them to join the political Associations/parties, such as the Indian National Congress, the communist, the Kirti Kisan party, the Bharat Nawjawan Sabha, etc. To what extent they were effective while participating in various movements and struggles launched by these parties
5. To study the work done by them in various socio-cultural movements as well as politico-economic activities and their role in their own emancipation. Special effort will remain to trace out the attitude of the British government towards their activists and demands.
6. To see why did women join the on going freedom struggle in India and take interest in various happenings related to the war of liberation. In this connection, effort will remain to study the impact of personalities like Mahatma Gandhi, B.G. Tilak, G.K. Gokhle, Lala Lajpat Rai, etc. on women.


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