2nd Landscape Archaelogy Conference (LAC2012)
|Event Date/Time: Jun 06, 2012||End Date/Time: Jun 09, 2012|
|Registration Date: Apr 30, 2012|
|Early Registration Date: Mar 31, 2012|
|Abstract Submission Date: Dec 31, 2011|
|Paper Submission Date: Oct 30, 2012|
archaeology has increasingly attracted
researchers from the geo sciences,
archaeology and the historical disciplines.
The scope of the conference will cover the
following session topics:
Ancient megastructures and their environment
A megastructure is an assemblage of constructions, which is distinguished by its monumentality as well as planned structure and by the great amount of labour required for its erection, often over a longer period of time.
The main interest of this session is the embedment of such megastructures in space with special notice of the relationship between megastructure and hinterland considering flows of material. In this context the term megastructure is not pertain to settlements alone, but includes sanctuaries, grave monuments etc.
The themes to be dealt with comprise, among others, reciprocal effects between the centre and the environs, the effects on available resources through the continual use of megastructures, and the possible reaction to the shortage of resources.
Likewise a point of interest is the expansion of modern agglomerations onto previous megastructures and the socio-political handling of this situation, especially also under a landscape archaeological perspective.
Landscape resiliance to human impact
It is assumed that during early settlement history, settlement characteristics corresponded to locale strategies of adaptation to the natural environment. While these impacts were small or negligible during the earliest settlement phases, the ongoing cultural development leads to increasingly substantial interventions into the natural landscape and decreasing levels of dependency on local environmental conditions. Meanwhile, each kind of human impact affected the landscapeâ€™s dynamic equilibrium, causing changes in material fluxes. Depending on the sensitivity of a landscape, each landscape reacted different on disturbances.
The session deals with the evaluation of the interrelations between landscape system and human landuse strategies and with the analysis of landscape sensitivity and landscape resilience to human impact.
Human adaptation to landscape changes
There is a strong interaction between people and their physical environment. Landscape in archaeology today is understood as topography of the social and the cultural as much as physical contours (David, Thomas 2008, 35). This implies that human react on landscape changes in respect to all this aspects. A large bundle of natural science methods, as geo- and bioarchaeology, allows detecting the human-environment-relationships which never represent purely adaptive processes but consist of conceptions of the landscape. We would like to bring together various approaches with the goal to exchange on methodological procedures, results, critical factors, and other research perspectives without any temporal or spatial limits. So we gain for a wide-ranging comparison of different ways of human adaptation to landscape changes.
Spatial Information systems in landscape archaeology
The work with spatial distributed digital data is groundwork for modern landscape archaeological projects and becomes more and more a basic need. Depending on the subject under investigation spatial information systems gain help in organizing, analyzing and presenting spatial data on different scales.
Results of archaeological field surveys, spatial distributed paleo-ecological samplings, remote sensing data in various scales, geomorphological and archaeological mapping, spatially referenced literature analysis, predictive modelling, pattern detection, 3D GIS, spatial statistics â€“ among others are a wide field of innovation to be presented in this session.
Theoretical concepts in Landscape archaeology
Today there is a variety of different concepts determining the joint research of archaeologist and geoscientists, which all can be summarised under the terms landscape respectively geo archaeology.
One example of a geographical concept being applied within the framework of archaeology is the theory of central places by W. Christaller. Those concepts and theories were normally developed using measuring data in contrast to the proxy data normally available within landscape archaeological projects. So, how successful is such an adoption? Where are limitations and how to deal with the occurring problems?
The session provides a platform, for the presentation, evaluation and discussion of theoretical concepts in the wide field of landscape archaeology. Further more the session addresses to the question what the future will bring to the discipline of landscape archaeology.