Piled Foundations Design (1.2 CEUs)

Venue: Toronto, ON

Location: Toronto, ON, Canada

Event Date/Time: Dec 15, 2011 End Date/Time: Dec 16, 2011
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Pile foundations are the part of a structure used to carry and transfer the load of the structure to the bearing ground located at some depth below ground surface. The main components of the foundation are the pile cap and the piles. Piles are long and slender members which transfer the load to deeper soil or rock of high bearing capacity avoiding shallow soil of low bearing capacity. Depending upon type of soil, pile material and load transmitting characteristic piles are classified accordingly. In this workshop participants will learn about, classifications, functions and pros and cons of piles design and construction.
This course provides participants with specific technical guidance on aspects of designing, installing, and the construction of piled foundations.
The course addresses subsurface investigation, pile selection, economic analysis, static design analysis (single pile and pile group behavior under compression, tension and lateral loading, pile settlement, negative skin friction), dynamic driving formulas, wave equation analysis, dynamic testing), static methods of pile load testing. Application and interpretation of the wave equation and dynamic and static pile-load-testing methods are highlighted with an emphasis on the practical issues related to pile monitoring and acceptance on typical construction projects. Construction material includes pile capacity verification by formula; wave equation; dynamic test or static test; performance and interpretation of compression, tension, and lateral load test; load testing devices; the Osterberg Cell and Statnamic.

Learning Outcomes:
Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

Implement a systematic plan for the design and construction of pile foundations
Select appropriate subsurface exploration procedures and laboratory tests to provide design soil parameters for pile foundation design
Choose the appropriate pile type in a given soil profile based on the advantages and disadvantages of common pile types
Use appropriate methods of pile foundation design in application subsurface conditions
Calculate single and group capacities of piles to resist compression, tension, and lateral loads
Use time-dependent soil strength changes in pile foundation design and construction control
Identify the project influence and significance of pile driveability, pile refusal, and minimum and estimated pile toe elevations
Calculate allowable design and allowable driving stresses for common pile types
Explain the key differences between allowable stress design and load and resistance factor design methods
Determine the primary consolidation settlement of piled foundations on cohesive soils
Determine the settlement of piled foundations on cohesionless soils
Identify the format and minimum content in an adequate foundation report for driven pile foundations
Use dynamic formulas, wave equation analyses, dynamic pile testing and static load testing correctly and effectively
Explain appropriate methods of pile installation
Target Audience:
The target audience for this course includes geotechnical engineers, bridge designers, , resident engineers and consultant review specialists. The course embraces both construction and design, Participants are expected to have passed an undergraduate course in soil mechanics and/or have successfully completed GIC course on Soils Engineering for Practical Applications. This course is intended for designer, field or laboratory personnel with a background in engineering.
This course is suitable for attendance by entry-level and experienced engineers and advanced-level technicians. In addition, structural, design, and construction engineers , project management and construction engineers in charge of pile-driving construction are encouraged to attend. college and university faculty; and consultant engineers and geologists who are involved in pile analysis, design and construction, The course will be most beneficial to geotechnical engineers, engineering geologists, foundation designers, project engineers, and highway/bridge engineers who are involved in the design and construction of foundations for surface transportation projects.

Course outlines
Basic Concepts

Soil behaviour
Fine grain materials versus course grain materials
Effective stress concept
Consolidation and consolidation settlements
Shear strength in soils
Deep foundation introduction

Deep foundation versus shallow foundation
Types of Deep Foundations
Why Use a Deep Foundation?
Why Not Use a Pile Foundation?
Foundations Type Selection
Bearing Capacity
Load Capacity
Negative Skin Friction
Method of Estimating Load Capacity
Dynamic Formula
Static Analysis
Static Pile Capacity
Ultimate and allowable LOAD ON PILES
Failure Mechanism
Axial Capacity of Single Pile

Field Investigation Methods Used for Pile Design:
Static Axial Capacity Design Methods
Pile design methods
Factor of Safety
Shaft Friction
Dynamic and Statnamic
Testing Methods
Piles in Clay
Piles in Sand
Critical Depth true or false?
Pile Testing Overview

How a Pile is driven
Failure Criteria
Davisson Failure Criteria
Osterberg cell
Duration of loading
Statnamic testing
Commercial considerations
Uplift test

Pile Construction and Testing

Installation of Piles
Full Scale Load Tests
Interpretation of Test Results
The Fundamental Pile Driving Formula
ENR Formula
Load - Settlement Graph
Osterberg Load Test Mechanism
Statnamic Load Test Concept
Case studies
Piles Group

Individual versus Block Failure
Group Efficiency
Full Scale Load Tests on Pile Groups in Sands
Full Scale Load Tests on Pile Groups in Clays
Pile Group Capacity in Sand
Pile Group Capacity in Clay
Settlement of Pile Groups in Sand
Group Settlement Analysis
Negative Skin Friction
Single Pile and Pile Group Settlement

Changes in Soil - Changes in Clays - Changes in Sands
Imaginary Footing Method
Elastic Analysis Methods
Settlement of Individual Pile
Analytical Approach
Empirical Approach
Settlement of Pile Group In sand and clay
Equivalent pier method
Numerical methods
Consolidation Settlement of Group of piles in clay
Numerical examples
Wick Drains and Case Studies
Pile Design workshop (Static approach)
Screw Piles: Use and Design

Dr. Gamal Abdelaziz, P.Eng, MSc. has a Ph.D. in Geotechnical Engineering from Concordia University, Montreal, Canada. Currently he is a senior geotechnical engineer with Global Engineering , Edmonton , Alberta , Canada and adjunct professor at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario. Dr. Abdelaziz has served as a senior geotechnical engineer at DST Consulting engineers, Sarafinchin Consulting, Trow Consulting and EBA engineering. He has over 25 years of experience in geotechnical and structural engineering, foundation design, teaching, research and consulting in Canada and overseas.

Dr. Abdelaziz is a former adjunct professor at University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada, visiting professor at Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada and part time professor at Seneca College, Toronto, Canada. Dr. Abdelaziz is specialized in numerical modeling for solving sophisticated geotechnical engineering problems with respect to pile foundation and the linear and nonlinear analysis of soil-structure interaction. He designed charts to predict pressures acting on tunnels, and developed analytical model for pile bearing capacity prediction. Dr. Abdelaziz authored a number of technical papers and delivered numerous internal and external workshops on various geotechnical and Municipal engineering topics, and they are very well received by practitioners. Dr. Abdelaziz has been involved in a number of projects in Canada and overseas, such as tunnelling, silos, buildings, retaining structures, siphons, irrigation networks and many other civil engineering projects in terms of design and construction. Dr. Abdelaziz is a member in different professional societies such as APEGGA, PEO, CGS, CDA, TAC and ABPA. He is also a reviewer for the Canadian Geotechnical Journal.