Embankment Design, Construction, Slope Stability, Settlement Analysis and Seepage Control Workshop (

Venue: Best Western Village Park Inn

Location: Calgary, AB, Alberta, Canada

Event Date/Time: Dec 05, 2012 End Date/Time: Dec 07, 2012
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Often conventional soil mechanics do not adequately predict the behaviour or misbehaviour of fills. However, considerable knowledge and experience on the real behaviour of real fills, has been obtained over the last decades. This knowledge expands from instrumented embankment dams to highway constructions and laboratory studies. It is important, for any civil engineer, to gain an understanding of these developments, their design and construction.

About the Program
This workshop will present some of the new techniques acquired in the following areas: material properties, mechanisms of behaviour, methods of analysis and in the problems and effects of embankment and earth works placement. the focus will be placed on those problems that have significant economic impact.

To enable participants to design and inspect embankment and earthworks effectively
To fully understand the related science and engineering principles
To interpret test results and standards
To make the best choices on embankment construction and inspection methods
To learn the most common techniques for slope and embankment stabilization
To fully comprehend slope stability analyses and the signs of potential failures

This session provides the knowledge and skills needed to design, construct and maintain soil slopes and embankments. In this three-day workshop, you will obtain a comprehensive overview of the principles and techniques of design, construction and inspection of earthworks with special focus on earthen embankment. Some of the issues that will be addressed through a presentation and a discussion with an expert practitioner are site development, soil properties, estimating, excavation, placing and compacting, and the legal and environmental considerations that bear on embankment construction. There will also be an opportunity to deal with the standards and testing methods that apply to earthen embankment. It is intended to provide transportation earthwork professionals with knowledge to recognize potential problems with soil slope/embankment stability and deformation in transportation projects. Participants will develop the necessary skills to design and evaluate soil slopes and embankments and to learn about the implications of construction and inspections. This course embraces both design and construction.

Course Methods
The three day workshop consists of lectures arranged in a sequence, which minimizes the need for prior knowledge of the subject.In addition, there will be discussion periods. Problems will be illustrated by numerous case-studies. Three workshops will be conducted:

Slope Stability design and analyses using software: Slope-W and SLIDE
Seepage design and analyses using software SEEP-W
Settlement Analyses using software Settle3D and UNISETTL

Upon completion of the course, participants will be able to:

Recognize potential failure modes or deformation types for soil slopes and embankments
Identify the potential failure modes for soil slopes and the type of analysis required to evaluate stability of the slope
Determine the stability of a slope using slope stability software
Recognize the major design consideration for embankments constructed using earth fill, rock fill, and lightweight fill
List the steps necessary for designing an embankment over compressible foundation soil
Distinguish the common causes/triggering mechanisms for landslides/slope instabilities
Categorize appropriate slope and embankment stabilization methods

Target Audience
A critical course for geotechnical professionals, foundation designers, highway / bridge design engineers, project engineers and engineering. The target audience are bridge, geotechnical, or transportation engineers with 0 to 20 years of experience, who are responsible for the design, analysis, construction maintenance and/or remediation of soil slopes and embankments on surface transportation facilities.
The course should be applicable to field and design engineers, contractors, technicians and technologists, as well as for geotechnical engineers, who wish to know more about fill behaviour.

Special Features
You will receive a comprehensive set of course notes that will serve for future use.
You will also obtain training on the following software:
Slope Stability Slope-W, and SLIDE with free academic version of the GeoStudio
Seepage analysis: SEEP-W.
Settlement analyses: Settle3D and UNISETTL

Program Outline (1.8 CEUs / 18 PDHs)

Soil Engineering Revision

Soil mechanics for fill materials
Nature of soils and their best use
Fundamentals of soil mechanics
Properties of soils and aggregates
Tests for soils and aggregates
Classification of soils
Consolidation, drainage and pore pressures
Mechanisms of failure, progressive failure, contained failure
Stiff clay foundations
Soft clay foundations
Placement of clays and fine grained fills


Laboratory test procedures
Moisture - density relationship
Optimum moisture content related to soil plasticity
Compaction control testing
Modification of an unsatisfactory Compaction
Specifications for construction
Effects of water content during compaction on soil structure
Effects of water content during compaction on soil permeability.
Additional modification techniques

Compaction Control

Moisture-density relationships
Field densities and construction control
Test pad construction

The Principle of Effective Stress

Principle of effective stress
Effective stress response in saturated soils
Effective stress response in partially saturated soils
Seepage forces

The Strength of Soils

Description of stresses in soils
Isotropic compression of soils
The Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion
Shear strength of clays
Shear strength of sands
Shear strength tests
Sheer strength and compressibility of granular and clay fills
Prediction of pore pressure
Establishment of design parameters
Problems of raising and widening clay embankments
Modern developments in pore pressure measurement
Problems of placing granular and clay fills, including bounce and rutting and its prediction

Soil Deformation

Description of strains in soils
Constitutive models
Stresses distribution from elastic theory
Elastic deformation

Settlement Analysis

Causes of settlements
Consolidation and Excess Porewater Pressures
Allowable amounts of settlement
Settlement analyses problems and software demo

Water in Soils

Soil Water
Seepage Theory
Flow Nets
Pore Pressures and Uplift Pressures
Seepage through Earth Dams
Seepage control in earth works


Underwater excavations
Caissons, cofferdams
Seepage control, seepage barriers
Slurry trench methods
Freezing, grouting
Open sumps
Cohesive and cohesionless soils
Wells and Well-Point systems
Electroosmotic dewatering systems
Applicability of dewatering methods
Seepage software computer program demonstration

Slope Stability

Slope instability
Slope failure types and causes
Determination of slope stability and safety
Groundwater effects
Slope stabilization techniques
Selection of design parameters and proper type of slope stability analysis
Slope stability computer program demonstration
Critical review of slope stability computer results
Analysis Theories
Method of slices
Earthquake design
Case studies
Workshop on Slope-W and Slide software

Stabilization of Fills and Soil Improvements Techniques

Surcharge Loading
Vertical Drains

Deep Compaction

Embankment Construction and Control
Stabilization of Fill Foundations
Chemical Stabilization of Fills
Surcharge Loading
Vertical Drains
Deep Compaction Methods

After Attending This Course You Will Be Able To:

Update your knowledge of the application of soil mechanics principles to earthwork design and construction.
Select the most technically appropriate and cost-effective earth construction system for your application
Examine and select appropriate material properties, parameters for design/construction of embankments
Prepare conceptual and basic embankment designs using appropriate design methods, factors of safety, and field verification methods
Evaluate and review contractor submitted designs
Interpret test specifications, guidelines and standards pertaining to soil compaction and fill selection
Optimize your choices of construction equipment and inspection methods.
Analyze simple slopes problems manually and using software
Analyze simple seepage problems manually and using software
Demonstrate a clear understanding of embankments design, construction and maintenance

Dr. Gamal Abdelaziz, P.Eng, MSc. has a Ph.D. in Geotechnical Engineering from Concordia University, Montreal, Canada.
Currently he is a senior geotechnical engineer with Saga engineering and former adjunct professor at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario. He has over 25 years of experience in geotechnical and structural engineering, foundation design, teaching, research and consulting in Canada and overseas.
Dr. Abdelaziz is a former adjunct professor at University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada, visiting professor at Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada and part time professor at Seneca College, Toronto, Canada.

Dr. Abdelaziz is specialized in numerical modeling for solving sophisticated geotechnical engineering problems with respect to pile foundation and the linear and nonlinear analysis of soil-structure interaction. He designed charts to predict pressures acting on tunnels, and developed analytical model for pile bearing capacity prediction.
Dr. Abdelaziz authored a number of technical papers and delivered numerous internal and external workshops on various geotechnical and Municipal engineering topics. Dr. Abdelaziz has been involved in a number of projects in Canada and overseas, such as tunneling, silos, buildings, retaining structures, siphons, irrigation networks , soil stabilization using PVD , highway geotechnical works and many other civil engineering projects in terms of design and construction.

Dr. Abdelaziz is a member in different professional societies such as APEGGA, PEO, CGS, CDA, TAC and ABPA. He is also a reviewer for the Canadian Geotechnical Journal.


1804 Crowchild Trl NW
Calgary, AB